Old versus modern
Look at these examples:
- The laptop is bigger than the camera. «Bigger» is the comparative form of the adjective «big».
- The USB is smaller than the TV. “Smaller » is the comparative form of the adjective «small”.
- The PlayStation five is heavier than the Nintendo sixty-four. “Heavier » is the comparative form of the adjective «heavy”.
How to form comparative adjectives?
There are two ways to make or to «form» a comparative adjective:
- Short adjectives: add «-er»
- Long adjectives: use «more»
Look at these examples:
- Cheap: The microwave is cheaper than the refrigerator.
- Expensive: The refrigerator is more expensive than the microwave.
Here are some basic rules for spelling comparatives.
Rule number 1
For One syllable adjectives: We usually add –er to one-syllable words to make
- Small – Its comparative form is smaller.
The microwave is smaller than the refrigerator.
- Long – Its comparative form is longer.
The refrigerator is longer than the microwave.
Rule number 2
For 1 syllable adjectives: If an adjective ends in –e, we add –r.
- Large – Its comparative form is larger.
The Smart TV is larger than the Blu ray.
- Nice – Its comparative form is nicer.
The laptop is nicer than the computer.
Rule number 3
For one syllable adjectives: If an adjective ends in a vowel and a consonant, we double the consonant and add -er.
- Big – Its comparative form is bigger.
My camera is bigger than your USB.
- Thin – Its comparative form is thinner.
The PlayStation 5 is thinner than the Nintendo 64.
Rule number 4
For Two – syllable adjectives: If an adjective ends in a consonant and –y, we change the y to –i and add –er.
- Easy – Its comparative form is easier.
Wii games are easier than PlayStation 5 games.
- Heavy – Its comparative form is heavier.
The DVD was heavier than the Blu-ray.
Rule number 5
For long adjectives, adjectives with 3 or more syllables, we use “more” to make comparisons.
We always use “more” plus the adjective.
- Practical – Its comparative form is more practical.
My camera is more practical than your digital camera.
- Useful – Its comparative form is more useful.
The laptop is more useful than the desktop.
Rule number 6
Some comparative adjectives are irregular; it means that they use completely different forms.
- Good – Its comparative form is better.
My sister’s laptop is better than your brother’s laptop.
- Bad – Its comparative form is worse.
My father’s Blue ray is worse than mine.
Rule number 7
We can say that one thing or person is less than another thing by using “less … than”. To do this, use “less + the adjective + than”.
When using “less”, the adjective DOES NOT CHANGE.
- New – Less new than
My camera is less new than yours.
- Big – Less big than
Multifunction printers are less big than fax machines.